Gemûl, Hebrew Strong’s #1576, is used 19 times in the Old Testament. It is translated as recompense (10), reward (3), benefit (2), given (1), serve + <H1580> (1), deserve (1). It is translated as “benefit” in the following verses:
Tagmûl, Hebrew Strong’s #8408, is used once in the Old Testament. It is translated as “benefit” in the following verse:2 Chronicles 32:25
But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him; for his heart was lifted up: therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem.
Bless the LORD, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits:
Yāṭab, Hebrew Strong’s #3190, is used 107 times throughout the Old Testament. It is translated as well (35), good (21), please (14), merry (5), amend (4), better (4), accepted (2), diligently (2), and miscellaneous translations including benefit (20). It is translated as “benefit” in the following verse:Psalm 116:12
What shall I render unto the LORD for all his benefits toward me?
Charis, Greek Strong’s #5485, is used 156 times throughout the New Testament. It is translated as grace (130), favour (6), thanks (4), thank (4), thank + <G2192> (3), pleasure (2), and miscellaneous translations including benefit (7). It is translated as “benefit” in the following verse:Jeremiah 18:10
If it do evil in my sight, that it obey not my voice, then I will repent of the good, wherewith I said I would benefit them.
2 Corinthians 1:15
And in this confidence I was minded to come unto you before, that ye might have a second benefit;
Euergesia, Greek Strong’s #2108, is used twice in the New Testament. It is translated as good deed done (1) and benefit (1). It is translated as “benefit” in the following verse:
1 Timothy 6:2
And they that have believing masters, let them not despise them, because they are brethren; but rather do them service, because they are faithful and beloved, partakers of the benefit.
Agathos, Greek Strong’s #18, is used 102 times in the New Testament. It is translated as good (77), good thing (14), that which is good + <G3588> (8), the thing which is good + <G3588> (1), well (1), and benefit (1). It is translated as “benefit” in the following verse:
Euergetēs, Greek Strong’s #2110, is used once in the New Testament as benefactor. It is translated as “benefactor” in the following verse:Philemon 1:14
But without thy mind would I do nothing; that thy benefit should not be as it were of necessity, but willingly.
Webster’s 1828Luke 22:25
And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.
Bouvier’s Dictionary of Law, 1856:BEN'EFIT, noun [Primarily from Latin beneficium, or benefactum.]
1. An act of kindness; a favor conferred.
Bless the Lord, O my soul, and forget not all his benefits. Psalms 103:2.
2. Advantage; profit; a word of extensive use, and expressing whatever contributes to promote prosperity and personal happiness, or add value to property.
Men have no right to what is not for their benefit
3. In law, benefit of clergy. [See Clergy.]
BEN'EFIT, verb transitive To do good to; to advantage; to advance in health, or prosperity; applied either to persons or things; as, exercise benefits health; trade benefits a nation.
BEN'EFIT, verb intransitive To gain advantage; to make improvement; as, he has benefited by good advice; that is, he has been benefited.
BENEFI'CIARY, adjective [Latin beneficiarius. See Benefaction.]
Holding some office or valuable possession, in subordination to another; having a dependent and secondary possession.
BENEFI'CIARY, noun One who holds a benefice. A beneficiary is not the proprietor of the revenues of his church; but he has the administration of them, without being accountable to any person. The word was used, in the middle ages, for a feudatory, or vassal.
1. One who receives any thing as a gift, or is maintained by charity.
BENEFAC'TION, noun [Latin benefacio, of bene, well, and facio, to make or do.]
1. The act of conferring a benefit.
2. A benefit conferred, especially a charitable donation.
BENEFAC'TOR, noun He who confers a benefit, especially one who makes charitable contributions either for public institutions or for private use.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 1st Edition, 1891 Black’s Law Dictionary, 5th Edition, 1979BENEFICIARY. This term is frequently used as synonymous with the technical phrase cestui que trust. (q. v.)
BENEFIT. This word is used in the same sense as gain (q. v.) and profits. (q. v.) 20 Toull. n. 199.
GAIN. The word is used as synonymous with profits. (q. v.) See Fruit.
FRUIT, property. 2. The term fruit, among the civilians, signifies not only the production of trees and other plants, but all sorts of revenue of whatever kind they may be. Fruits may be distinguished into two kinds; the first called natural fruits, are those which the earth produces without culture, as bay, the production of trees, minerals, and the like or with culture, as grain and the like. Secondly, the other kind of fruits, known by the name of civil fruits, are the revenue which is not produced by the earth, but by the industry of man, or from animals, from some estate, or by virtue of some rule of law. Thus, the rent of a house, a right of fishing, the freight of a ship, the toll of a mill, are called, by a metaphorical expression, fruits. Domat, Lois Civ. liv. 3, tit. 5, s. 3, n. 3. See Poth. De la Communaute, n. 45.
PROFITS. In general, by this term is understood the benefit which a man derives from a thing. It is more particularly applied to such benefit as arises from his labor and skill.
10. 9. It is a general rule that any participation in the profits of a trade or business, makes a person receiving such profits responsible as a partner.
11. When there are no stipulations to the contrary, the profits are to be enjoyed, and the losses borne by all the partners in equal proportions.
Beneficial. Tending to the benefit of a person; yielding a profit, advantage, or benefit; enjoying or entitled to a benefit or profit. This term is applied both to estates (as a “beneficial interest”) and to persons (as the “beneficial owner”).
Beneficial Owner. Term applied most commonly to cestui que trust who enjoys ownership of the trust or estate in equity, but not legal title which remains in trustee or personal representative. Equitable as contrasted with legal owner.
One who does not have title to property but has rights in the property which are the normal incident of owning the property. The persons for whom a trustee holds title to property are the beneficial owners of the property, and the trustee has a fiduciary responsibility to them.
Beneficiary. One who benefits from act of another.
Trust Beneficiary - …includes a person who has any present or future interest, vested or contingent, and also includes the owner of an interest by assignment or other transfer and as it relates to a charitable trust, includes any person entitled to enforce the trust.
Benefit. Advantage; profit; fruit; privilege; gain; interest. The receiving as the exchange for promise some performance or forbearance which promisor was not previously entitled to receive.
WEX Law Dictionary:
BeneficiaryThe trust beneficiary is the party for whose benefit the trustee holds the title to the trust property.
USLegal.comA beneficiary is the individual who gets the enjoyment out of a transaction such as a contract, will or trust.
Miscellaneous Maxims”Public benefit means--
(i) a benefit accrued to the public, including Amtrak, in the form of enhanced mobility of people or goods, environmental protection or enhancement, congestion mitigation, enhanced trade and economic development, improved air quality or land use, more efficient energy use, enhanced public safety or security, reduction of public expenditures due to improved transportation efficiency or infrastructure preservation, and any other positive community effects as defined by the Secretary; and
(ii) shall be determined on a project-by-project basis, based upon an agreement between the parties.” 49 USCS § 22701
No man ought to derive any benefit of his own wrong.
He who receives the benefit should also bear the disadvantage.
Law is established for the benefit of man.
One's own wrong shall not benefit the person doing it.
No one is obliged to accept a benefit against his consent.
The right of survivorship does not exist among merchants for the benefit of commerce.
A beneficial law affords a remedy in a similar case.
Novelty benefits not so much by its utility, as it disturbs by its novelty.
Every innovation disturbs more by its novelty than it benefits by its utility.
A man may relinquish, for himself and his heirs, a right which was introduced for his own benefit.
Private inconvenience is made up for by public benefit.
A privilege is a personal benefit and dies with the person.
Transactions between strangers may benefit, but cannot injure, persons who are parties to them.
He who is in the womb, is considered as born, whenever it is for his benefit.
He who derives a benefit from a thing, ought to feel the disadvantages attending it.
Any one may renounce a law introduced for his own benefit. To this rule there are some exceptions.
The fund which has received the benefit should make the satisfaction.
Miscellaneous Citations and References
“The real destroyers of the liberties of the people is he who spreads among them bounties, donations, and benefits.” Plutarch
“No one is obliged to accept a benefit against his consent. But if he does not dissent, he will be considered as assenting.” Dig. 50.17.69; Broom, Max.3d Lond. ed.625.
Public Health Trust of Dade County v. Lopez, Fla., 531 So. 2d. 946, 948.
Woolum v. Sizemore, 102 S.W. 323, 324."Those applying for benefits from civil government may be classed as 'natural persons.'"
"When it is said that a valuable consideration for a promise may consist in a benefit to the promiser, 'benefit' means that the promiser has, in return for his promise, acquired some legal right to which he would not otherwise have been entitled."
Military Government and Martial Law, William E. Birkhimer, Major, General Staff, U.S. Army, 1914, page 64).
Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, 1988:"Allegiance is a duty owing by citizens to their government, of which, so long as they enjoy its benefits, they can not divest themselves."
Page 207."Wealth (money or property) owned or used in business by a person, corporation, etc. Any source of benefit or assistance".
From The Words of His Kingdom and the words of the world compared:
Good article about disengagement from benefits of this world found here:Here's an example of using just one of the many minimum contacts; the benefit of free mail delivery service by the U.S. Postal Service. The stamp on the envelope pays for delivery of that envelope from one post office to another post office. It does not pay for delivery beyond that post office, i.e., to an address. This is a “free” service. How does using this service convert you into a lawless person and place you under their jurisdiction? Well, first of all, the term 'service' is commercial in nature. When you are the partaker of a 'service,' you are engaged in commercial activity.
Secondly, free mail delivery:
"...brings benefit to every citizen of the United States, whether he lives in city or country." United States Postal Policy, by Clyde Kelly, member of the Post Office and Post Roads Committee (1931).
In short, free mail delivery service is a benefit, the use of which places one into a commercial venue, and thus surrenders a legal right to the government, which it would not otherwise be entitled to, i.e., an unalienable right. Unalienable does not mean you can't lose them, but one can voluntarily opt for something else, i.e., a free benefit from the government, thereby changing ones status from unalienable to alienable, in commerce. If you receive a benefit, the government expects a return from you. Thus, the Income Tax Return is the money they collect from you for the 'services' they are giving you at your request. Again, this is commercial activity.
Let's examine the concept of a 'benefit' in Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, 1988:
Benefit: "Profit." Page 129.
Profit: "Gain, advantage, benefit." Page 1074.
Income: "Gain or benefit received." Page 683.
Capital: "Any source of benefit." Page 207.
Merchant: "A person whose business is buying and selling goods for profit." Page 843.
Commercialize: "To make use of mainly for profit at a sacrifice of other values." Page 280.
Mercury: "God of commerce. Cleverness. Thievery." Page 848.
By accepting a benefit, one is receiving gain, capital, income, and profit. If you're receiving a profit, you are a merchant, which means you are engaged in commercial activity, which means you are a thief, because you are making a profit at a "sacrifice of other values." And if you are sacrificing Godly values to make a profit, you cannot serve God:
"...Ye cannot serve God and mammon." Matthew 6:24
The term mammon means "riches, wealth, or material gain." If you are serving mammon, you are serving the god of commerce, Mercury, and you'll be subject to regulation under the commerce laws (the lex mercatoria).
"He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress." Hosea 12:7
"...for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived." Revelation 18:23
Additionally, once someone accepts a free benefit from the government, it is considered a 'quasi-contract'. In Webster's New World Dictionary, Third College Edition, 1988, page 1101, a quasi-contract is "an obligation, equivalent to a contractual obligation, created by law in the absence of a contract, to prevent unfair gain at the expense of another." Quasi-contracts involve gain! As discussed before, we cannot engage in contracts because this brings you out of your Godly venue and into a commercial venue, as the following cases show:
"But to whom may the quasi-contract attach? In order for a quasi-contract to attach, a benefit must be conferred upon the defendant by the plaintiff. The defendant must have displayed an appreciation of the benefit so an to make it inequitable for him to retain that benefit without payment for the value of the benefit." Moll v. Wayne County, (1952), 332 Mich. 274, 50, N.W. 2d 881.
"A person confers a benefit upon another as respects liability in quasi-contracts for restitution if he gives to another possession of or some interest in money, land, chattels, or chooses an action; performs services beneficial to or at the request of another; or in any way adds to the other's security or advantage; and he confers a benefit not only where he adds to the property of another but also where he saves the other from expense or loss." Olwell v. Nye & Nissan Co., 173 P.2d 652.
As you can see, there is a quasi-contract involved when you accept free mail delivery, and the government has to prevent unfair gain (from you) at the expense of the Postal Service, which is why they become attached to you under the guise of a quasi-contract. In addition, it does not matter if the statutes enforcing quasi-contracts upon the people are constitutional or not, because once one has accepted its benefits, one voluntarily waives all the protections of the Constitution (if you look to it for protection), because rights cannot be taken away by law, it can only be voluntarily waived by consent. This is proven in the following United States Supreme Court Cases:
"The Court will not pass upon the constitutionality of a statute at the instance of one who has availed himself of its benefits." Great Falls Mfg. Co. v. Attorney General, 124 US. 581; Wall v. Parrot Silver and Copper Co., 244 U.S. 407, 411-412; St. Louis Malleable Casting Co. v. Prendergast Constr. Co., 260 U.S. 469.
An example to illustrate this is the use of a zip code. Under the U.S. Postal laws:
"Zip codes may be omitted from pieces mailed by the general public" Domestic Mail Manual, § A010, 1.2(e).
As you can see, zip codes are voluntary. And the United States Supreme Court has ruled that by using a zip code, you have surrendered protections of the Constitution (Maxwell v. Dow, 176 U.S. 581). So, by using a zip code, one has voluntarily waived rights secured by the Constitution. Since there is not a law requiring you to use a zip code, the government is not forcing you to waive your rights. You are waiving your rights of your own free will (self-will), or out of ignorance.
You might ask, "But how is receiving a harmless thing like free mail delivery service contradicting the Law of God? How am I sacrificing Godly values?" Well, in addition to the verses already mentioned in this article, which I won't repeat, I will show one other thing. To receive free mail delivery, one must have an address. An address uses numbers forced by the government, including the house number, street number, and zip code number. The Scriptures forbid the use of such numbers for identification.
Here are two scriptural examples, one from the Old Testament, and one from the New Testament:
In the Old Testament era, King David gave a command to number the people (1 Chronicles 21:2). Joab warned King David that he would "be a cause of trespass to Israel" if he numbered the people (verse 3). But King David numbered the people anyway, knowing it was a trespass against them (verse 4). God was displeased with King David for numbering the people, so God smote Israel (verse 7). David admitted he sinned greatly (verse 8), and because the people themselves willfully took numbers from their government, God sent a plague upon those people and 70,000 were killed (verse 14) [See also 2 Samuel 24 for a parallel account].
In the New Testament era, we are told that governments will, likewise, try to mark all people with a number. God says those who take this mark will be punished by Him (Rev. 14:9-11; 16:2; 19:20). [Note: the term "beast" is defined as the government of a people; specifically as kings (Daniel 7:17, Rev. 17:10-12), and kingdoms (Daniel 7:18,23, Revelation 16:10) that have power to make war and kill (Rev. 11:7; 17:14)]
Basically, by MARKing your house with a number, you are placing a number issued by the government on your house, which marks it as their property. All addresses are defined as commercial in nature under man's law. And putting "in care of" on an envelope that has an address on it will do no good either. We are "in care of" the Lord. If we are in care of some address, we are saying we are in care of Caesar, since Caesar created the address.
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