Hyponoeō, Strong’s Greek #5282, is used 3 times in the New Testament. It is translated as: think, suppose, deem. Example:
DEFINITIONSActs 27:27 (KJV) But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven up and down in Adria, about midnight the shipmen deemed that they drew near to some country;
Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, 1828
Bouvier’s Dictionary of Law, 1856:DEEM, verb transitive
1. To think; to judge; to be of opinion; to conclude on consideration; as, he deems it prudent to be silent.
For never can I deem him less than god.
The shipmen deemed that they drew near to some country. Acts 27:27.
2. To estimate.
DEEM, noun Opinion; judgment; surmise.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 1st Edition, 1891
Black’s Law Dictionary, 4th Edition, 1968DEEM.
To hold; consider; adjudge; condemn. When, by statute, certain acts are “deemed” to be a crime of a particular nature, they are such crime, and not a semblance of it, nor a mere fanciful approximation to or designation of the offense. 132 Mass. 247.
Judges in the Isle of Man, who decide all controversies without process, writings, or any charges. These judges are chosen by the people, and are said by Spelman to be two in number. Spelman.
Ballentine’s Law Dictionary, James A. Ballentine, Third Edition, 1969DEEM.
To hold; consider; adjudge; condemn; determine; treat as if; construe. Douglas v. Edwards, C.C.A.N.Y., 298 F. 229, 237; In re Schmidt's Estate, 134 Wash. 525, 236 P. 274, 275; In re Green's Estate, 99 Misc. 582, 164 N.Y.S. 1063, 1083; Harder v. Irwin, D.C.N.Y., 285 F. 402, 404; First Nat. Bank v. Dodd, 118 Or. 1, 245 P. 503, 504.
But see Kleppe v. Odin Tp., McHenry County, 40 N.D. 595, 169 N.W. 313, 314, which gives "deemed" the force of only a "disputable presumption," or of prima facie evidence. When, by statute, certain acts are "deemed" to be a crime of a particular nature, they are such crime, and not a semblance of it, nor a mere fanciful approximation
to or designation of the offense. Com. v. Pratt, 132 Mass. 247; Commonwealth v. Brue, 284 Pa. 294, 131 A. 367, 368.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 5th edition, 1979 and 6th Edition, 1991deem.
To judge: to determine or conclude upon consideration: to form a judgment. The word “deem.” as used in the federal statutes. providing that personal property of a serviceman shall not be “deemed” to have a situs for taxation in a state in which lie is required to be present by virtue of his service, does not imply a rebuttable presumption so as to permit taxation by the state of temporary presence in some cases. Dameron v Brodhead. 345
US 322. 97LEd 1041. 73SCt721,32ALR2d612.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 7th Edition, 1999Deem – To hold; consider; adjudge; believe; condemn; determine; treat as if; construe
MISCELLANEOUS CITATIONSDeem – 1. To treat (something) as if (1) it were really something else, or (2) it has qualities that it doesn’t have. “Deem is a useful word when it is necessary to establish a legal fiction either positively by ‘deeming’ something to be something it is not or negatively by ‘deeming’ something not to be something which it is…”G.C. Thornton, Legislative Drafting 83-84 (2d ed. 1979)
There are over 5300 uses of the term “deemed” in USC. Some examples:
4 U.S. CODE § 110 - Federal area shall be deemed to be located within such State
46 U.S. Code § 8704 - Alien deemed to be employed in the United States
21 U.S. Code § 63 - Penalties; acts of agents deemed acts of principals
46 U.S. Code § 50501 - Entities deemed citizens of the United States
22 U.S. Code § 5723 - Rules and regulations as the President may deem appropriate