US-backed coup in Bolivia – Lithium

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Firestarter
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US-backed coup in Bolivia – Lithium

Post by Firestarter » Mon Nov 18, 2019 5:08 pm

In the best traditions of Operation Condor…
On 10 November 2019, Socialist Bolivian President Evo Morales resigned, pushed out by a military coup d’état backed by the Trump administration.
Morales invited the international community to audit the election results, saying: “Let them come here. Let them know how much they have earned”.

Evo Morales had been president of Bolivia since January 2006. In October 2019, Morales was re-elected for the third time, defeating challengers Carlos Mesa and Chi Hyun Chung; he got more votes than they combined.
Because his margin over lead challenger Mesa exceeded 10% there wouldn’t be a second voting round.

During the time Morales was president, Bolivia had “an unprecedented decade of political and social stability and a growth rate between 4% and 6%” — a respectable 4.2% in 2018: https://www.globalresearch.ca/us-coup-p ... es/5694446


Look how wonderful, newly installed “interim” Bolivian president, Yankee puppet Jeanine Anez has earlier “recognized Juan Guaidó as acting president of Venezuela”!

Maybe the motive for this coup was that Bolivia doesn’t export enough cocaine?!?
In 2017, Anez’s nephew was arrested in Brazil for smuggling 480 kilos of drugs. After this, security minister Carlos Romero called Anez’s position in the senate "rogue": https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeanine_%C3%81%C3%B1ez


In the Bolivia coup, military and police officials trained by the US were pivotal. At least 6 of the key coup plotters were former alumni of the infamous School of the Americas.
Morales resigned after commander of Bolivia’s armed forces Williams Kaliman “suggested” that he step down. Kaliman had been trained at the military training school in Fort Benning in Georgia, WHINSEC, formerly known as the School of the Americas (SOA). In 2003, Kaliman the “Comando y Estado Mayor” course at the SOA.
Kaliman and another of the coup plotters have served in the past as Bolivia’s military and police attachés in Washington.

Radio Education Network of Bolivia (Erbol) leaked 16 audios, in which current and former Bolivian police, military, and opposition leaders call for a coup against Morales by orchestrating nationwide street protests, strikes and other disruptive tactics.
They talk about support from Republicans Marco Rubio and Ted Cruz, and Democrat Robert Menendez. They also talk about support from evangelical groups, Colombian President Iván Duque, ex-Colombian President Álvaro Uribe, and Brazil’s Zionist President Jair Bolsonaro.

The leaked audio shows that former Cochabamba mayor and former presidential candidate Manfred Reyes Villa played a central role in the plot.
Reyes, who currently resides in the US, just happens to have been schooled WHINSEC (a.k.a. School of the Americas). The other 4 ex-military officials in the leaked tape - General Remberto Siles Vasquez, Colonel Julio César Maldonado Leoni, Colonel Oscar Pacello Aguirre and Colonel Teobaldo Cardozo Guevara – all attended the SOA.

Commander General of the Bolivian Police, Vladimir Yuri Calderón Mariscal, led large parts of the police revolt on 9 November.
In 2018, Calderón Mariscal served as President of Police Attachés of Latin America in the United States of America (APALA), in Washington DC.
At its founding in 2012, then-OAS Secretary General José Miguel Insulza (centre in photo below) met with APALA’s leaders.
Image

US government agencies like USAID have financed anti-Morales groups for years: https://thegrayzone.com/2019/11/13/boli ... -programs/
(http://web.archive.org/web/201911141607 ... -programs/)


Because of all of this “green energy” propaganda, Lithium has become a popular commodity (used in electric cars).
The military coup in Bolivia was staged within a week after President Evo Morales cancelled an agreement (on 4 November) with the German company ACI Systems Alemania (ACISA) for developing lithium.

Somewhat underreported were the protests from residents of the Potosí area about the pollution caused by developing lithium. The Potosí region in Bolivia has an estimated 50% to 70% of the world's lithium reserves: https://www.commondreams.org/news/2019/ ... thium-deal
(http://archive.is/RFjTm)


Here’s a video on the military coup.
https://youtu.be/zqJytTbwhY0
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Re: US-backed coup in Bolivia – Lithium

Post by Firestarter » Fri Nov 22, 2019 4:43 pm

Illegitimate usurper president Jeanine Anez breached articles 161 and 169 of the Bolivian Constitution.
According to art. 161 the Legislative Assembly’s functions include “accept(ing) or reject(ing) the resignation of the president (and) vice president”.

According to art. 169:
In the event of an impediment or definitive absence of the President, he or she shall be replaced by the Vice President and, in the absence of the latter, by the President of the Senate, and in his or her absence by the President of the Chamber of Deputies. In this last case, new elections shall be called within a maximum period of ninety days.

In case of temporary absence, the Vice President shall assume the Presidency for a term not to exceed ninety days.

Before the CIA coup, most Bolivians knew little or nothing about Anez, who was elected to Bolivia’s Senate in 2014 with (only) 91,895 votes (1.7% of the 5,171,428 votes).

In support of the CIA-coup, Twitter created 4,492 accounts in only 2 days.
Luciano Galup noted that 3,612 of those accounts have less than 2 followers: https://stephenlendman.org/2019/11/cia- ... n-bolivia/


Firestarter wrote:
Mon Nov 18, 2019 5:08 pm
Maybe the motive for this coup was that Bolivia doesn’t export enough cocaine?!?
In 2017, Anez’s nephew was arrested in Brazil for smuggling 480 kilos of drugs. After this, security minister Carlos Romero called Anez’s position in the senate "rogue": https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeanine_%C3%81%C3%B1ez
The following story certainly makes it more probable that a motive for getting rid of President Morales was that he took the “War on drugs” a bit too seriously. In a strange twist even rumours have been spread that Morales was promoting illicit drugs (while selected puppet president Jeanine Anez’s nephew was caught smuggling drugs).

According to UNDOC, Bolivian farmers are helped to “develop licit farming alternatives to coca bush cultivation”. “Related activities” with Bolivian authorities continue “fight(ing) against drug trafficking and contribute to achieving the objectives of the National Alternative Development Plan”.
In February 2019, UNODC reported that Bolivia had “inaugurated port control to boost the fight against illicit drug trafficking”.

The project:
reduc(ed) illicit coca bush cultivation and cocaine trafficking (under Morales), providing licit economic alternatives, thus reducing poverty and social marginalization.
It emphasizes the prevention and further expansion of illicit coca bush cultivation and the need to improve the living conditions of people in areas under such cultivation.

While there are many rumours that Morales won the presidential elections through fraud, an “independent analysis” by the Center for Economic Policy Research revealed no evidence of fraud or electoral irregularities: https://stephenlendman.org/2019/11/mora ... rco-state/


Germany’s ACISA wasn’t the only company that was trying to make deals to get Bolivian Lithium…
In 2018, Bolivia exported nearly $0.56 million worth of Lithium Carbonate. Bolivia has exported $0.35 million to China and $0.22 million to the US in Lithium.
Image

In February 2019, state-owned Yacimientos de Litio Bolivianos Corporación (YLB) signed a $2.3 billion deal with the Chinese TBEA Group.
This year, landlocked Bolivia was also trying to close a Lithium deal with the Indian consortium KABIL - National Aluminum Company (NALCO), Hindustan Copper (HCL) and Mineral Exploration Corp Ltd. (MECL): https://www.financialexpress.com/econom ... a/1657630/
(http://web.archive.org/web/201907271334 ... a/1657630/)


In 2009, Jeremy Bigwood and Eva Golinger obtained (formerly) classified documents through a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request that show that since 2002 the US Agency for International Development (USAID) invested more than $97 million in “decentralization” and “regional autonomy” projects and political opposition parties in Bolivia.
USAID apparently was the “first donor to support departmental governments” and “decentralization programs” in Bolivia.

Through the international branches of the Republicon-Democrook party, the International Republican Institute (IRI) and National Democratic Institute (NDI) that are funded by the Department of State and CIA-front the National Endowment for Democracy (NED), USAID has funded and provided strategic political aid to opposition groups in Bolivia. The principal beneficiaries of this funding were opposition parties Podemos, MNR, MIR and more than 100 politically-oriented NGOs in Bolivia.
In 2007, $1.25 million was dedicated to “training for members of political parties on current political and electoral processes, including the constituent assembly and the referendum on autonomy”.

One document explains that this “decentralization” and “regional autonomy” program began in 2004, when USAID established an Office for Transition Initiatives (OTI) en Bolivia. The OTI contracted the US company Casals & Associates to coordinate a program based that included autonomy for the region surrounding the province of Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Eastern Bolivia where the hard core opposition to President Evo Morales is based.

For some reason, these documents have disappeared from the internet (I couldn’t find them): https://nacla.org/news/usaids-silent-invasion-bolivia
(http://archive.is/d1Wcs)
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Re: US-backed coup in Bolivia – Lithium

Post by Firestarter » Mon Nov 25, 2019 3:37 pm

Newly declared interim President Jeanine Anez, whose party received only 4% of the votes in October, has expelled hundreds of Cuban doctors, broken off ties to Venezuela and pulled Bolivia out of multiple international treaties and intercontinental organisations.
Anez declared that she is “committed to taking all measures necessary to pacify” the population. Anez has described indigenous Bolivians as “satanic” (there is some discussion on whether the following tweet is real and has been deleted since).
Image

Many people look to international human rights organisations to actually defend them against state terrorism. Human Rights Watch (HRW) has once again shown to endorse US-backed coups.
In its official communiqué, HRW didn’t call it a “coup”, instead insisting Morales “resigned”. HRW’s Americas Director José Miguel Vivanco claimed President Morales stepped down “after weeks of civil unrest and violent clashes” and for some reason “forgets” to mention opposition violence against his party or the US-trained military “suggesting”, at gunpoint, that he resign.

HRW Director Kenneth Roth went even further, noting that elected president Morales having to flee the country is a refreshing step forward for democracy, and that Morales was “the casualty of a counter-revolution aimed at defending democracy … against electoral fraud and his own illegal candidacy”.
Roth also presented President Morales as an out-of-touch “strongman” and claimed that Morales had ordered the army to shoot protesters, but didn’t provide any evidence for this allegation: https://www.mintpressnews.com/human-rig ... ia/262887/


On the evening of 18 November, Bolivia’s government sent in helicopters, tanks and heavily armed soldiers to break the protests at and blockade of the Senkata gas plant in the indigenous city of El Alto. On 19 November, all hell broke loose when the soldiers began tear-gassing and then shot into the crowd of peaceful protesters. Some were just walking to work when they were struck by bullets.

At least dozens of people were taken to local clinics with bullet wounds of which 8 confirmed dead. A grieving mother whose son was shot cried out: “They’re killing us like dogs”.
The 21 November peaceful funeral procession to commemorate the dead was also tear-gassed.

For some reason our wonderful media hasn’t given much publicity to this event (and instead reported that the army overthrew Morales because HE had ordered to shoot protesters)…
The Anez administration threatened journalists if they cover protests. Bolivia’s main TV station reported only 3 deaths and blamed the violence on the protesters, showing a speech by new Defence Minister Fernando Lopez, who lied that the soldiers did not fire “a single bullet” and claimed that “terrorist groups” had tried to use dynamite to break into the gasoline plant: https://www.globalresearch.ca/they-kill ... lp/5695714
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Re: US-backed coup in Bolivia – Lithium

Post by Firestarter » Mon Dec 02, 2019 5:47 pm

On Thursday, newly installed puppet Bolivian Foreign Minister Karen Longaric said Bolivia will "restore relations with Israel".
Israeli foreign minister Israel Katz was pleased and added:
The departure of President Morales, who was hostile to Israel, and his replacement by a government friendly to Israel, allows the fruition of the process.

In 2009, Evo Morales cut relations with Tel Aviv shortly after Israel carried out a three-week attack of Gaza, killing 1,282 Palestinians (of which 333 children). Morales also said that he would ask the International Criminal Court (ICC) to charge Israeli officials for the killings.
In 2010, Morales also formally recognised Palestine as a sovereign and independent state within the 1967-defined borders: http://217.218.67.231/Detail/2019/11/29 ... th-Israel-


Here’s some information on the dirt poor Bolivia...
To me it looks like Bolivia was doing relatively well in the period that Morales was president.

Bolivia had an average population growth of 1.9% per year from 2000 to 2016
Image

In 2004, in a referendum a majority of Bolivians voted for expanding state control over the hydrocarbons sector.
In May 2006, then newly-elected president Evo Morales renationalized Bolivia’s oil and gas industries. This has increased tax revenue, to spend on Bolivia’s government policy.

Bolivia also greatly expanded its international reserves, which has allowed Bolivia to gain its independence from the IMF.
Bolivia’s international reserves are currently at more than 48% of GDP, which is relatively high.
Image

While our wonderful media often claim that nationalisations is the end of attracting international investment, Bolivia had the highest level of foreign direct investment in South America, as percent of GDP, in 2013.
Image

Head of the Economic Commission on Latin America and the Caribbean Alicia Barcena has praised Bolivia for decreasing economic inequality.
From 2005-2014, the real minimum wage in Bolivia increased by 87.7%.

In 2008, the US added Bolivia to its list of countries that had “failed demonstrably” to fight drugs. Bolivia has remained on the list, despite having considerably reduced the amount of coca cultivation: http://cepr.net/blogs/the-americas-blog ... -10-graphs
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