Ketāb, Hebrew Strong's #3791, is a noun found 17 times in the OT of the KJV, translated as writing (14), register (2), scripture (1). It is translated as “register” in the following verses:
Ezra 2:62 - These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.
Sēper, Hebrew Strong's #5612, is a noun found 184 times in the OT of the KJV, translated as book (138), letter (29), evidence (8), bill (4), learning (2), register (1), learned + <H3045> (1), scroll (1). It is translated as “register” in the following verse:Nehemiah 7:64 - These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but it was not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.
Apographō, Greek Strong's #583, is a verb used in the NT 4 times.Nehemiah 7:5 - And my God put into mine heart to gather together the nobles, and the rulers, and the people, that they might be reckoned by genealogy. And I found a register of the genealogy of them which came up at the first, and found written therein,
Apographē, Greek Strong's #582, is a noun used in the NT 2 times.
While they are translated as “tax,” “taxing” and “write” in the KJV, they are translated as “register” and “registration” in other versions:
The Holy Bible, English Standard Version, Crossway Bibles, 2001
Luke 2:1-5 - In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. This was the first registration when Quirinius was governor of Syria. And all went to be registered, each to his own town. And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to be registered with Mary, his betrothed, who was with child.
Holman Christian Standard Bible, 2008
New Living Translation, Second Edition, 1996Luke 2:1-5 - In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that the whole empire should be registered. This first registration took place while Quirinius was governing Syria. So everyone went to be registered, each to his own town. And Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family line of David, to be registered along with Mary, who was engaged to him and was pregnant.
Weymouth New Testament, Richard Francis Weymouth, 1902Luke 2:1-5 - At that time the Roman emperor, Augustus, decreed that a census should be taken throughout the Roman Empire. (This was the first census taken when Quirinius was governor of Syria.) All returned to their own ancestral towns to register for this census. And because Joseph was a descendant of King David, he had to go to Bethlehem in Judea, David’s ancient home. He traveled there from the village of Nazareth in Galilee. He took with him Mary, his fiancée, who was now obviously pregnant.
God’s Word, God's Word to the Nations Bible Society, 1995Luke 2:1-5 - Just at this time an edict was issued by Caesar Augustus for the registration of the whole Empire. It was the first registration made during the governorship of Quirinius in Syria; and all went to be registered—every one to the town to which he belonged. So Joseph went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judaea, to David's town of Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, to have himself registered together with Mary, who was betrothed to him and was with child.
Luke 2:1-5 - At that time the Emperor Augustus ordered a census of the Roman Empire. This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria. All the people went to register in the cities where their ancestors had lived. So Joseph went from Nazareth, a city in Galilee, to a Judean city called Bethlehem. Joseph, a descendant of King David, went to Bethlehem because David had been born there. Joseph went there to register with Mary. She had been promised to him in marriage and was pregnant.
Matthew Henry Concise Bible Commentary
DEFINITIONSChrist has his book of life, a register of all who shall inherit eternal life; the book of remembrance of all who live to God, and keep up the life and power of godliness in evil times. Christ will bring forward this book of life, and show the names of the faithful, before God, and all the angels, at the great day.
Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, 1828
REG'ISTER, noun [Low Latin registrum, from regero, to set down in writing; re and gero, to carry.]
1. A written account or entry of acts, judgments or proceedings, for preserving and conveying to future times an exact knowledge of transactions. The word appropriately denotes an official account of the proceedings of a public body, a prince, a legislature, a court an incorporated company and the like, and in this use it is synonymous with record. But in a lax sense, it signifies any account entered on paper to preserve the remembrance of what is done.
2. The book in which a register or record is kept, as a parish register; also, a list, as the register of seamen.
3. [Low Latin registrarius.] The officer or person whose business is to write or enter in a book accounts of transactions, particularly of the acts and proceedings of courts or other public bodies; as the register of a court of probate; a register of deeds.
REG'ISTER, verb transitive
1. To record; to write in a book for preserving an exact account of facts and proceedings. The Greeks and Romans registered the names of all children born.
2. To enroll; to enter in a list.
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 1856REGISTRA'TION, noun The act of inserting in a register.
1. A book containing a record of facts as they occur, kept by public authority; a register of births, marriages and burials.
2. Although not originally intended for the purposes of evidence, public registers are in general admissible to prove the facts to which they relate.
3. In Pennsylvania, the registry of births, &c. made by any religious society in the state, is evidence by act of assembly, but it must be proved as at common law. 6 Binn. R. 416. A copy of the register of births and deaths of the Society of Friends in England, proved before the lord mayor of London by an ex parte affidavit, was allowed to be given in evidence to prove the death of a person; 1 Dall. 2; and a copy of a parish register in Barbadoes, certi fied to be a true copy by the rector, proved by the oath of a witness, taken before the deputy secretary of the island and notary public, under his hand and seal was held admissible to prove pedigree; the handwriting and office of the secretary being proved. 10 Serg. & Rawle, 383.
4. In North Carolina, a parish register of births, marriages and deaths, kept pursuant to the statute of that state, is evidence of pedigree. 2 Murphey's R. 47.
5. In Connecticut, a parish register has been received in evidence. 2 Root, R. 99. See 15 John. R. 226. Vide 1 Phil. Ev. 305; 1 Curt. R. 755; 6 Eng. Eccl. R. 452; Cov. on Conv. Ev. 304.
REGISTER, common law.
The certificate of registry granted to the person or persons entitled thereto, by the collector of the district, comprehending the port to which any ship or vessel shall belong; more properly, the registry itself. For the form, requisites, &c. of certificate of registry, see Act of Con. Dec. 31, 1792; Story's Laws U. S. 269 3 Kent, Com. 4th ed. 141.
REGISTER or REGISTRAR.
An officer authorized by law to keep a record called a register or registry; as the register for the probate of wills.
REGISTER FOR THE PROBATE OF WILLS.
An officer in Pennsylvania, who has generally the same powers that judges of probates and surrogates have in other states, and the ordinary has in England, in admitting the wills of deceased persons to probate.
REGISTER OF WRITS.
1. This is a book preserved in the English court of chancery, in which were entered, from time to time, all forms of writs once issued.
2. It was first printed and published in the reign of Henry VIII. This book is still in authority, as containing, in general, an accurate transcript of the forms of all writs as then framed, and as they ought still to be framed in modern practice.
3. It seems, however, that a variation from the register is not conclusive against the propriety of a form, if other sufficient authority can be adduced to prove its correctness. Steph. Pl. 7, 8.
An ancient name given to a notary. In England this name is confined to designate the officer of some court, the records or archives of which are in his custody.
The name of an ancient book which was a collection of writs. See Register of Writs
Black’s Law Dictionary, 1st Edition, 1891REGISTRY.
A book authorized by law, in which writings are registered or recorded. Vide To Record; Register.
An officer authorized by law to keep a record called a “register” or “registry;" as the register for the probate of wills.
A book containing a record of facts as they occur, kept by public authority; a register of births, marriages, and burials.
One who registers; particularly, one who registers anything (e. g., a trade-mark) for the purpose of securing a right or privilege granted by law on condition of such registration.
Recording; Recording in an official register.
A register, or book authorized or recognized by law, kept for the recording or registration of facts or documents.
In commercial law. The registration of a vessel at the custom house, for the purpose of entitling her to the full privileges of a British or American built Vessel. 3 Kent,Comm. 139; Abb. Shipp. 58—96.
The Century Dictionary, an Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language, 1895REGISTRY OF DEEDS.
The system or organized mode of keeping a public record of deeds, mortgages, and other instruments affecting title to real pr0perty.
1. An official written account or entry, usually in a book regularly kept, as of acts, proceedings, or names, for preservation or for reference; a record; a list; a roll; also, the book in which such a record is kept: as, a parish register; a hotel register.
2. In old Eng. law, a compilation of the forms of writs in use, both original and judicial, which seems to have grown up gradually in the hands of clerks and of copyists, and therefore to vary much in different copies.
3. in com., a document issued by the customs authorities as evidence of a ship's nationality.
1. To enter in a register; indicate by registering; record in any way.
2. To mark or indicate on a register or scale.
1. To enter one's name, or cause it to be entered, in a register, as at a hotel, or in the registry of qualified voters.
2. In law: (a) An officer of a United States district court, formerly appointed under the United States bankruptcy act, for the purpose of assisting the judge in the performance of his duties under that act, by attending to matters of detail and routine, or purely administrative in their character.
1. The act of inserting or recording in a register; the act of recording in general: as, the registration of deeds: the registration of births, deaths, and marriages; the registration of voters.
2. Specifically, in the law of conveyancing, a system for the recording of conveyances, mortgages, and other instruments affecting the title to real property, in a public office, for the information of all concerned.
The general policy of registry laws is to make a duly registered instrument notice to all the world, so that no one can claim any advantage over the registered owner by dealing with an unregistered owner or claimant in ignorance of the registered title. Under some systems, a specified time is allowed for registering and in some neglect to register an instrument within the time limited marks it with infirmity. The more generally accepted principle is to give effect to each instrument in the order of its registration, as against all unregistered instruments of which the purchaser, etc., had no actual notice. Another important element in registry laws is a provision that the record or certified copy shall be evidence in all courts equally as the original; but in some systems the non-production of the original must be accounted for before the record can be received in lien of it.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Edition, 1910
An officer authorized by law to keep a record called a "register" or “registry” as the register for the probate of wills.
A book containing a record of facts as they occur, kept by public authority ; a register of births, marriages, and burials.
One who registers; particularly, one who registers anything (c. g., a trade-mark) for the purpose of securing a right or privilege granted by law on condition of such registration.
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English, 1919REGISTRATION.
Recording; inserting In an official register; the act of making a list, catalogue, schedule, or register, particularly of an official character, or of making entries therein. In re Supervisors of Election (C. C.) 1 Fed. 1.
Webster’s New Practical Dictionary, 1957Register
n. Book in which entries are made of details to be recorded for reference; official or authoritative list kept e.g. of births, marriages, & burials or deaths, of shipping, of qualified voters in constituency (r. office, a registry);
v.t. Set down (name, fact, &c.) formally, record in writing, (fig.) make mental note of; enter or cause to be entered in particular r. [r. letter, entrust to post office with special precautions for safety; r. luggage, on railway &c; r. oneself or abs., put one's name on electoral r.); (of instrument) record automatically, indicate; (Print. &c.) correspond, make correspond, exactly. Hence or cogn. registerable a., registration n.
1. A record containing entries of items, events, etc.
2. Registration; registry; as a port of register.
1. To enter in a register, or roll, list, etc.
2. To record automatically; as, the gauge registers sixty.
To enroll one’s name, as in a list of voters, on a hotel book, etc.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 5th Edition, 1979Registration
1. A registering
2. An entry in a register.
3. The body or number of persons registered.
To record formally and exactly; to enroll; to enter precisely in a list or the like. Los Angeles County v. Craig, 38 Cal.App.2d 58, 100 P.2d 818, 820.
To make correspond exactly one with another; to fit correctly in a relative position; to be in correct alignment one with another. Cover v. Schwartz, Cust. & Pat.App., 28 C.C.P.A. 83 1 , 1 16 F.2d 5 12, 5 1 5. See also Record.
An officer authorized by law to keep a record called a "register" or "registry." A book of public facts such as births, deaths and marriages (also called a registry), or the public official who keeps such book. Other examples of public record books are the register of patents (a list of all patents granted) and the register of ships (kept by customs). Other examples of public record keeping officials are the register of copyrights, register of deeds (land records) and the register of wills (clerk of probate court). They are often called "Recorder" or "Registrar."
See also Federal Register.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 7th Edition, 1999Registration.
Recording; enrolling; inserting in an official register. Enrollment, as registration of voters, registration for school, etc. The act of making a list, catalogue, schedule, or register, particularly of an official character, or of making entries therein. Any schedule containing a list of voters, the being upon which constitutes a prerequisite to vote. Securities. Statutory procedure requiring the filing with the S.E.C. of various documents including a prospectus in order for securities to be publicly offered. Clearance must be obtained from the S.E.C. before the securities may be sold. There is no ceiling relative to the number of shares or dollar amount that may be registered. See also Registration statement.
1. A government officer who keeps official records.
2. Probate Judge
3. A book in which all docket entries are kept for the various cases pending in a court.
4. An official record or list, such as a corporation’s list of names and addresses of its shareholders.
1. To enter in a public registry.
2. To enroll formally.
3. To make a record of.
4. To check in with the clerk of court before a judicial proceeding.
5. To file with the Securities and Exchange Commission or a similar state agency.
One who registers; esp., one who registers something for the purpose of securing a right or privilege granted by law upon official registration.
WEX Legal DictionaryRegistration
1. The act of recording or enrolling.
2. Securities. The complete process of preparing to sell a newly issued security to the public
A corporation's official listing of shareholders as well as a record of the corporation's stock issuances and transfers.
MISCELLANEOUS CITATIONSRegister of Deeds
A county government office where you file documents in the public records. Most register of deeds offices record documents related to real estate, including deeds, land contracts, mortgages, liens, and lease agreements. Some also accept vital records such as birth, death, and marriage certificates. In many locations, the register of deeds office is known as the county recorder's office.
US Code 10 §431
US Code 49 §14504acommercial activities –
activities that are conducted in a manner consistent with prevailing commercial practices and includes—
(D) acquiring licenses, registrations, permits, and insurance;
United States Government Compendium of Interagency and Associated Terms, 2017vehicle registration –
the registration of any commercial motor vehicle under the International Registration Plan or any other registration law or regulation of a jurisdiction.
People v. Nothaus, 147 Colo. 210; Chicago Coach Co. v. City of Chicago. 337 111. 200, 169 N.E. 22.registry –
database providing information describing and categorizing objects, but which does not contain
the objects themselves.
Carolina Discount Corp. v. Landis Motor Co., 190 N.C. 157“No State government entity has the power to allow or deny passage on the highways, byways, nor waterways… transporting his vehicles and personal property for either recreation or business, but by being subject only to local regulation i.e., safety, caution, traffic lights, speed limits, etc. Travel is not a privilege requiring licensing, vehicle registration, or forced insurances.”
Bank of Boston v. Jones"Since the sale of personal property is not required to be evidenced by any written instrument in order to be valid, it has been held in North Carolina that there may be a transfer of title to an automobile without complying with the registration statute with requires a transfer and delivery of a certificate of title."
National Law Library (1939), pp. 144-145."A vehicle not used for commercial activity is a "consumer goods",...it is NOT a type of vehicle required to be registered and "use tax" paid of which the tab is evidence of receipt of the tax"
Bergevin v. Curtz (1899), Minges v. Merced Board of Trustees (1915),"The power of taxation, another method of taking private property without the consent of the owner is ,of course, to be distinguished from the police power. It should be observed, however, that police regulations are often carried out in the guise of taxes or fees resembling taxes. Automobile registration fees is a good example.
QUOTES"Registration is not a `qualification' of an elector, and cannot add to the qualification fixed by the Constitution; but it is to be regarded as a reasonable regulation by the legislature for the purpose of ascertaining who are qualified electors, and of having their names enrolled upon an authentic list, in order to prevent illegal voting."
Carla Abouzahr, Health Metrics Network.
http://raykania.com/2010/04/universal-c ... -americas/
Janet Reno:“Once you’re registered you have a legal entity. Without that, you can’t enforce any rights whether they are social or economic or indeed human rights. So the potential benefits for individuals are enormous. Unless you’re registered, you really are invisible as a person to the authorities in the eyes of the law and indeed to the government.”
Waiting periods are only a step. Registration is only a step. The prohibition of private firearms is the goal.
Anthony J. Dennis:Gun registration is not enough.
Jacob G. Hornberger:The Nazis, for example, used a national firearms registration system eventually to confiscate all guns and, as they deemed necessary, to execute gun owners.
Donald S. McAlvaney:Of course, the proponents of political tyranny are usually well-motivated. Those who enacted the gun-registration law in California point to criminals who have used semiautomatic weapons to commit horrible, murderous acts. But the illusion -- the pipe dream -- is that bad acts can be prevented by the deprivation of liberty. They cannot be! Life is always insecure. The only choice is between liberty and insecurity, on the one hand, and insecurity and enslavement on the other. The true patriot scrutinizes the actions of his own government with unceasing vigilance. And when his government violates the morality and rightness associated with principles of individual freedom and private property, he immediately rises in opposition to his government. This is why the gun owners of California might ultimately go down in history as among the greatest and most courageous patriots of our time.
Stephen P. Halbrook:Thus perhaps the most dangerous of all socialist attacks on America in the 1990s is the onslaught to register and confiscate America's firearms. America cannot be subjugated to communism or a socialist dictatorship until Americans are first disarmed. Poland has strict gun control; so does Cambodia, Russia, and Red China. Over 100 million people were brutally slaughtered in those countries, but first they were disarmed. The danger to people when they can't own guns is far greater than any danger gun ownership can ever create.
Commercial Trap of The Twenty-First Century? by John QuadeIn 1928, Germany enacted its Gesetz uber Schusswaffen und Munition (Law on Firearms and Ammunition), which required firearms and ammunition acquisition permits and record keeping for all transactions. Through this legislation, the police acquired knowledge of all firearm owners, which was used to the Nazis' advantage when they took power in 1933. The Nazi Waffengesetz (Weapons Law) of 1938, signed by Adolph Hitler, built upon the previous registration systems and strictly regulated handguns. ... On the first day the Nazis occupied Czechoslovakia, they put up posters in every town ordering the inhabitants to surrender all firearms, including hunting guns. The penalty for disobedience was death. The Nazis were able to use local and central registration records of firearms owners and hunters to execute the decree. Lists of potential dissidents and other suspects were already prepared, and those persons disappeared immediately. The Nazi commander of Belgium and Netherlands proclaimed that "[t]he surrender of weapons and other implements of war has been ordered by special proclamation.... Hunting guns are [also] to be surrendered ...." The Nazi head of Norway decreed that "[a]ll arms and munitions must be handed over" because only licensed officials and persons with police permits retained the right to possess arms.
In the early days of the automobile, especially during the 1920's, a new phenomena appeared in the land--car theft. The Federal and State governments responded by setting up a registration system for all vehicles. If the car was stolen and the State recovered it, officials would know who it belonged to, and they could then return it to its rightful owner.
But, instead of this registration being a one time fee, merely to create the registration record and store it, it became an annual fee, and thus, it was an on-going benefit which the State could withdraw if the car owner failed to continue paying the fee. The whole thing appeared to be justified by a real need to stop car theft, and the registration fees were very low, at first.
Then, along came F.D. Roosevelt and converted us all to enemies of the Federal corporation known as the United States. This was done merely by changing a word in the "Trading with the Enemy Act," of 1917 with an Executive Order. According to the act, all enemies of the United States doing business 'within' the United States must be licensed, and all of a sudden, everyone had to have a driver's license, and the registration fees went up, in part because the Federal government required all automakers to put a Vehicle Identification Number on each car they made.
Of course, this new benefit and his newly created COUNCIL ON STATE GOVERNMENTS had to be paid for, and the registration fees went up, and all of a sudden, the automobile became a piece of commercial property, and another apparently innocent benefit of the government became a 'commercial trap.'