Drive / Driver

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Drive / Driver

Post by notmartha » Tue Jul 12, 2016 11:51 am

KJV References

Rakkāb, Hebrew Strong's #7395, is used 3 times in the Old Testament. It is translated driver of his chariot (1), horseman (1), chariot man (1). It is translated as “driver of his chariot” in the following verse:
1 Kings 22:34 - And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.
Nāgaś, Hebrew Strong's #5065, is used 23 times in the Old Testament. It is translated as oppressor (7), taskmasters (5), exact (4), distressed (2), oppressed (2), driver (1), exactors (1), taxes (1). It is translated as “driver” in the following verse:
Job 39:7 - He scorneth the multitude of the city, neither regardeth he the crying of the driver.

Webster’s Dictionary, 1828
DRIVE, verb transitive preterit tense Drove, [formerly drave; participle passive Driven, G.]

1. To impel or urge forward by force; to force; to move by physical force. We drive a nail into wood with a hammer; the wind or a current drive a ship on the ocean.

2. To compel or urge forward by other means than absolute physical force, or by means that compel the will; as, to drive cattle to market. A smoke drives company from the room. A man may be drive by the necessities of the times, to abandon his country.
DRIVE thy business; let not thy business drive thee.

3. To chase; to hunt.
To drive the deer with hound and horn.

4. To impel a team of horses or oxen to move forward, and to direct their course; hence, to guide or regulate the course of the carriage drawn by them. We say, to drive a team, or to drive a carriage drawn by a team.

5. To impel to greater speed.

6. To clear any place by forcing away what is in it.
To drive the country, force the swains away.

7. To force; to compel; in a general sense.

8. To hurry on inconsiderately; often with on. In this sense it is more generally intransitive.

9. To distress; to straighten; as desperate men far driven.

10. To impel by influence of passion. Anger and lust often drive men into gross crimes.

11. To urge; to press; as, to drive an argument.

12. To impel by moral influence; to compel; as, the reasoning of his opponent drove him to acknowledge his error.

13. To carry on; to prosecute; to keep in motion; as, to drive a trade; to drive business.

14. To make light by motion or agitation; as, to drive feathers.
His thrice driven bed of down.
The sense is probably to beat; but I do not recollect this application of the word in America.
To drive away, to force to remove to a distance; to expel; to dispel; to scatter.
To drive off, to compel to remove from a place; to expel; to drive to a distance.
To drive out, to expel.

DRIVE, verb intransitive

1. To be forced along; to be impelled; to be moved by any physical force or agent; as, a ship drives before the wind.

2. To rush and press with violence; as, a storm drives against the house.
Fierce Boreas drove against his flying sails.

3. To pass in a carriage; as, he drove to London. This phrase is elliptical. He drove his horses or carriage to London.

4. To aim at or tend to; to urge towards a point; to make an effort to reach or obtain; as, we know the end the author is driving at.

5. To aim a blow; to strike at with force.
Four rogues in buckram let drive at me.

DRIVE, in all its senses, implies forcible or violent action. It is opposed to lead. To drive a body is to move it by applying a force behind; to lead is to cause to move by applying the force before, or forward of the body.

DRIVE, noun Passage in a carriage.

DRIVER, noun

1. One who drives; the person or thing that urges or compels any thing else to move.

2. The person who drives beasts.

3. The person who drives a carriage; one who conducts a team.

4. A large sail occasionally set on the mizenyard or gaff, the foot being extended over the stern by a boom.
Bouvier’s Dictionary of the Law, 1856

1. One employed in conducting a coach, carriage, wagon, or other vehicle, with horses, mules, or other animals.

2. Frequent accidents occur in consequence of the neglect or want of skill of drivers of public stage coaches, for which the employers are responsible.

3. The law requires that a driver should possess reasonable skill and be of good habits for the journey; if, therefore, he is not acquainted with the road he undertakes to drive; 3 Bingh. Rep. 314, 321; drives with reins so loose that he cannot govern his horses; 2 Esp. R. 533; does not give notice of any serious danger on the road; 1 Camp. R. 67; takes the wrong side of the road; 4 Esp. R. 273; incautiously comes in collision with another carriage; 1 Stark. R. 423; 1 Campb. R. 167; or does not exercise a sound and reasonable discretion in travelling on the road, to avoid dangers and difficulties, and any accident happens by which any passenger is injured, both the driver and his employers will be responsible. 2 Stark. R. 37; 3 Engl. C. L. Rep. 233; 2 Esp. R. 533; 11. Mass. 57; 6 T. R. 659; 1 East, R. 106; 4 B. & A. 590; 6 Eng. C. L. R. 528; 2 Mc Lean, R. 157. Vide Common carriers Negligence; Quasi Offence.

Blacks Law Dictionary, 1st edition 1891
One employed in conducting a coach, carriage, wagon, or other vehicle, with horses, mules, or other animals.

Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Edition, 1910
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In re Stork, (1914), 167 C. 294.
“The Motor Vehicle Act (Stats. 1913, p.639) is not unconstitutional…in that it requires professional chauffeurs, or drivers of motor vehicles for hire, to pay an annual license tax, but exempts all other operators of such vehicles from such tax and regulation.”
Black’s Law Dictionary, 5th Edition, 1979

A person actually doing driving, whether employed by owner to drive or driving his own vehicle.

Driver’s License

The certificate or license issued by a state which authorizes a person to operate a motor vehicle. Generally, a written and driving examination is required for obtaining such.


To urge forward under guidance, compel to go in a particular direction, urge onward, and direct the course of.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 7th Edition, 1999

1. A person who steers and propels a vehicle.

2. A person who herds animals; a drover.

Driver’s License

The state-issued certificate authorizing a person to operate a motor vehicle.


The act of directing the course of something, such as an automobile or a herd of animals.

29 CFR § 570.52
(2) The term driver shall mean any individual who, in the course of employment, drives a motor vehicle at any time.
49 CFR 390.5 - Definitions.
Driver means any person who operates any commercial motor vehicle.
49 CFR Part 386, Appendix A to Part 386 - Penalty Schedule; Violations of Notices and Orders
(For purposes of this violation, the term ”driver“ means an operator of a commercial motor vehicle, including an independent contractor who, while in the course of operating a commercial motor vehicle, is employed or used by another person.)
49 CFR 571.3 - Definitions.
Driver means the occupant of a motor vehicle seated immediately behind the steering control system.
49 CFR 382.107 - Definitions.
Driver means any person who operates a commercial motor vehicle. This includes, but is not limited to: Full time, regularly employed drivers; casual, intermittent or occasional drivers; leased drivers and independent owner-operator contractors.
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