See also territory, franchise, area, plane
The word “district(s)” is not found in the KJV. Other translations sometimes replace the words coasts, borders, provinces, oblations, officers, college, land, countries, part, and portion with “district”.
Declaration of Independence, 1776
The Constitution of the United States of America, 1787He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
Northwest Ordinance; 1787Article 1, Section 8
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;
http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc ... transcript
(see ordinance for more references)Section 1. Be it ordained by the United States in Congress assembled, That the said territory, for the purposes of temporary government, be one district, subject, however, to be divided into two districts, as future circumstances may, in the opinion of Congress, make it expedient.
The Judiciary Act of 1789
(See Act for more references)SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the United States shall be, and they hereby are divided into thirteen districts, to be limited and called as follows, to wit: …
SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That there be a court called a District Court, in each of the afore mentioned districts, to consist of one judge, who shall reside in the district for which he is appointed, and shall be called a District Judge, and shall hold annually four sessions, the first of which to commence as follows, to wit:…
SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the before mentioned districts, except those of Maine and Kentucky, shall be divided into three circuits, and be called the eastern, the middle, and the southern circuit…
Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, 1828
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 1856DISTRICT, noun [Latin , to press hard, to bind. See Distrain.]
1. Properly, a limited extent of country; a circuit within which power, right or authority may be exercised, and to which it is restrained; a word applicable to any portion of land or country, or to any part of a city or town, which is defined by law or agreement. A governor, a prefect, or a judge may have his district. Some of the states are divided into districts for the choice of senators, representatives or electors. Cities and towns are divided into districts for various purposes, as for school, etc. The United States are divided into districts for the collection of the revenue.
2. A region; a territory within given lines; as the district of the earth which lies between the tropics, or that which is north of a polar circle.
3. A region; a country; a portion of territory without very definite limits; as the districts of Russia covered by forest.
DISTRICT, verb transitive
To divide into districts or limited portions of territory. Legislatures district states for the choice of senators. In New England, towns are districted for the purpose of establishing and managing schools.
DISTRAIN, verb transitive [Latin Dis and stringo. See Strain. Blackstone writes distrein.]
1. To seize for debt; to take a personal chatel from the possession of a wrong-doer into the possession of the injured party, to satisfy a demand, or compel the performance of a duty; as, to distrain goods for rent, or for an amercement.
2. To rend; to tear.
DISTRAIN, verb intransitive
To make seizure of goods.
On whom I cannot distrain for debt.
For neglecting to do suit to the lords court, or other personal service, the lord may distrain of common right.
[In this phrase however some word seems to be understood; as, to distrain goods.]
10 Op. Atty.-Gen. 426, 427, December 27, 1862DISTRICT.
A certain portion of the country, separated from the rest for some special purposes. The United States are divided into judicial districts, in each of which is established a district court; they are also divided into election districts; collection districts, &c.
DISTRICT ATTORNEYS OF THE UNITED STATES.
1. There shall be appointed, in each judicial district, a meet person, learned in the law, to act as attorney of the United States in such district, who shall be sworn or affirmed to the faithful execution of his office. Act of September 24, 1789, s. 35, 1 Story's Laws, 67.
2. His duty is to prosecute, in such district, all delinquents, for crimes and offences cognizable under the authority of the United States, and all civil actions in which the United States shall be concerned, except in the supreme court, in the district in which that court shall be holden. Ib.
3. Their salaries vary in different districts. Vide Gordon's Dig. art. 403. By the Act of March 3, 1815, 2 Story's L. U. S. 1530, district attorneys are authorized to appoint deputies, in certain cases, to sue in the state courts. See Deputy District Attorney.
The name of one of the courts of the United States. It is held by a judge, called the district judge. Several courts under the same name have been established by state authority. Vide Courts of the United States.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
1. The name of a district of country, ten miles square, situate between the states of Maryland and Virginia, over which the national government has exclusive jurisdiction. By the constitution, congress may "exercise exclusive jurisdiction in all cases whatsoever, over such district, not exceeding ten miles square, as may, by, cession of particular states, and the acceptance of congress, become the seat of government of the United States." In pursuance of this authority, the states of Maryland and Virginia, ceded to the United States, a small territory on the banks of the Potomac, and congress, by the Act of July 16, 1790, accepted the same for the permanent seat of the government of the United States. The act provides for the removal of the seat of government from the city of Philadelphia to the District of Columbia, on the first Monday of December, 1800. It is also provided, that the laws of the state, within such district, shall not be affected by the acceptance, until the time fixed for the removal of the government thereto, and until congress shall otherwise by law provide.
2. It seems that the District of Columbia, and the territorial districts of the United States, are not states within the meaning of the constitution, and of the judiciary act, so as to enable a citizen thereof to sue a citizen of one of the states in the federal courts. 2 Cranch, 445; 1 Wheat, 91.
3. By the Act of July 11, 1846, congress retroceded the county of Alexandria, part of the District of Columbia, to the state of Virginia.
COUNTY. A district into which a state is divided.
HUNDRED, Eng. law. A district of country originally comprehending one hundred families. In many cases, when an offence is committed within the -hundred, the inhabitants tire civilly responsible to the party injured.
"I observe, in the first place, that the Congress can admit new States into this Union, but it cannot form States. Congress has no creative power in that respect, and cannot admit into this Union any territory, district, or other political entity, less than a State. And such State must exist, as a separate independent body politic, before it can be admitted under that clause of the Constitution, and there is no other clause. The new State which Congress may admit, by virtue of that clause, does not owe its existence by the fact of admission, and does not begin to exist coeval with that fact; for, if that be so, then Congress makes the State; for no power Congress can admit a State into the Union. And that result, (i.e., the making of the State by Congress,) would falsify the universal and fundamental principle of this country–that a free, independent American State can be made only by the people, its component members, Congress has no power to make States."
Black’s Law Dictionary, 1st Edition, 1891
The Century Dictionary, an Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language, 1895
Black’s Law Dictionary, 5th Edition, 1979
Black’s Law Dictionary, 6th Edition, 1999District
One of the territorial areas into which an entire state or country, county, municipality or other political subdivision is divided, for judicial, political, electoral, or administrative purposes.
Term refers to defining lines of electoral districts.
Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryDistrict
1. A territorial area into which a country, state, county, municipality, or other political subdivision is divided for judicial, political, electoral, or administrative purposes.
2. A territorial area in which similar local businesses or entities are concentrated, such as theater district or an arts district.
1. A distress; a distraint.
2. The right of distress.
3. Something (such as a good or animal) that can be distrained.
4. A territory within which a distraint can be exercised.
5. Any compulsory proceeding.
Issue the Twenty-eight of Matters concerning His Lawful assembly (From The Christian Jural Society News)District Court
1) in the federal court system, a trial court for federal cases in a court district, which is all or a portion of a state. Thus, if you file suit in federal court, your case will normally be heard in federal district court.
2) A local court in some states. States may also group their appellate courts into districts -- for example, The First District Court of Appeal.
District Attorney (DA)
A lawyer who is elected or chosen by local government officials to represent the state government in criminal cases brought in a designated county or judicial district. A DA's duties typically include reviewing police arrest reports, deciding whether to bring criminal charges against arrested people, and prosecuting criminal cases in court. The DA may also supervise other attorneys, called Deputy District Attorneys or Assistant District Attorneys. In some states, a District Attorney may be called a Prosecuting Attorney, County Attorney, or State's Attorney. In the federal system, the equivalent to the DA is a United States Attorney. The country has many U.S. Attorneys, each appointed by the president, who supervise regional offices staffed with prosecutors called Assistant United States Attorneys.
Lysander Spooner, Address of the Free Constitutionalists to the People of the United States Judicial District
A 'Judicial District' is another one of those man-made fictions designed to obtain jurisdiction where it would not otherwise exist.
One of the 'Patriot blue widget myths' that has done more harm to the unsuspecting and unlearned is the ubiquitous address addition of 'Judicial District.' Typically it would be in the following form:
20th Judicial District
666 E. Commerce Circle
[Zip exempt, TDC]
The premise of using the 'Judicial District' designation is that it puts you into a pre-Civil War/ non-14th Amendment jurisdiction that the current government can't reach. What those who buy into this myth don't know is that a Judicial District, whether pre-Civil War or otherwise, has always been a commercial venue which carries with it the rules and regulations of the commercial government that is in power at the time. On top of that, they are receiving the government benefit of free mail delivery on a 'postal route,' which is also a commercial venue.
Within a 'Judicial District,' you are a 'resident,' thereby leaving 'the country,' and joining 'The State.' It is a foreign venue to the Good and Lawful Christian, who should be 'calling for their First-Class Matter in general delivery' (and always did before Lincoln's War).
Herbert Spencer, The Man versus the State, with Six Essays on Government, Society and Freedom, Pg 70 ,If there be any territory, within the United States, in regard to which this assumed national law of freedom is paramount, it can be, at most, only the District of Columbia, and a few places occupied as forts, arsenals, &c., over which congress have “exclusive legislation,”—places which are but as pin-points on the map of the nation.
In the case of the census returns, the Registrar-General tells us that “the difficulty consists not merely in the vast multitude of different areas that have to be taken into account, but still more in the bewildering complexity of their boundaries” : there being 39,000 administrative areas of 22 different kinds which overlap one another—hundreds,
parishes, boroughs, wards, petty sessional divisions, lieutenancy divisions, urban and rural sanitary districts, dioceses, registration districts, etc. And then, as Mr. Rathbone, m.p., points out, these many superposed sets of areas with intersecting boundaries, have their respective governing bodies with authorities running into one another’s districts. Does any one ask why for each additional administration Parliament has established a fresh set of divisions? The reply which suggests itself is—To preserve consistency of method. For this organized confusion corresponds completely with
that organized confusion which Parliament each year increases by throwing on to the heap of its old Acts a hundred new Acts, the provisions of which traverse and qualify in all kinds of ways the provisions of multitudinous Acts on to which they are thrown: the onus of settling what is the law being left to private persons, who lose their property in getting judges’ interpretations. And again, this system of putting networks of districts over other networks, with their conflicting authorities, is quite consistent with the method under which the reader of the Public Health Act of 1872,
who wishes to know what are the powers exercised over him, is referred to 26 preceding Acts of several classes and numerous dates.
. - 1 Chitty's Bl. 76, n. 9.""One of the branches of the unwritten or common law, consists of particular customs, or laws which affect only the inhabitants of particular districts, under which head may be referred the law or custom of merchants (lex mercatoria), which is a particular system of customs used only among one set of the king's subjects, which, however different from the general rules of the common law, is yet engrafted into it, and made a part of it; being allowed for the benefit of trade to be of the utmost validity in all commercial transactions; for it a maxim of law, that 'cuilibet in sua arte credebdum est.' This law of merchants comprehends the laws relating to bills of exchange, mercantile contracts, sale, purchase, and barter of goods, freight, insurance, & c