Comprehending laws and contracts is impossible, unless we first learn the meaning of the words and phrases they contain.

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Post by notmartha » Fri Aug 18, 2017 6:12 am


The word “republic” or any of its derivatives were not found in the KJV or any other translation I checked.

Anti-Thought-Control Dictionary created by American Christian Ministries

The best form of government for man. A sovereign nation ruled by a central government that is fair, honestly representative of citizens, having a balance of powers: Legislative, Executive and Judicial — all controlled by a constitution and by a popular vote. Not a democracy

From two Latin words: RE (with reference to); PUBLIC, (the people). A "re-public" is a nation with a government that has reference to the public. This can mean almost anything. Usually parts of the public are incorporated into some of the administration offices. This provides NO fairness, representation, ethics or freedom. Slavery does not become acceptable or honest by employing a few of the slaves to help police the others

A "republic" can take many forms: Communism, Democracy, Fascism, Socialism, and others. There is certainly nothing about "republics" that makes them inherently good. However, there ARE some things that are inherently evil about them - namely, that THEY ARE CONTROLLED CENTRALLY, THEY ARE SELF-SERVING, AND THEY ENSLAVE THEIR CITIZENS. Also, they create their own laws in opposition to the laws of nature and of Christ.

Ancient Rome and Greece are examples of "republics" that have come and gone. Current well-known "republics" include: Russia, Cuba, China, East Germany, Mexico, Zimbabwe, and many other nations including South Africa and the USA. Republics are inherently no better, or worse, than other man-made government. They are simply part of the humanistic Beast System that deifies man as lawmaker (god).


Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, 1828
REPUB'LIC, noun [Latin respublica; res and publica; public affairs.]
1. A commonwealth; a state in which the exercise of the sovereign power is lodged in representatives elected by the people. In modern usage, it differs from a democracy or democratic state, in which the people exercise the powers of sovereignty in person. Yet the democracies of Greece are often called republics.
2. Common interest; the public. [Not in use.]
Republic of letters, the collective body of learned men.

REPUB'LICAN, adjective
1. Pertaining to a republic; consisting of a commonwealth; as a republican constitution or government.
2. Consonant to the principles of a republic; as republican sentiments or opinions; republican manners.

REPUB'LICAN, noun One who favors or prefers a republican form of government.
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 1856

A commonwealth; that form of government in which the administration of affairs is open to all the citizens. In another sense, it signifies the state, independently of its form of government. 1 Toull. n. 28, and n. 202, note. In this sense, it is used by Ben Johnson. Those that, by their deeds make it known, whose dignity they do sustain; And life, state, glory, all they gain, Count the Republic's, not their own, Vide Body Politic; Nation; State.


1. A government in the republican form; a government of the people; it is usually put in opposition to a monarchical or aristocratic government.

2. The fourth section of the fourth article of the constitution, directs that "the United States shall guaranty to every state in the Union a republican form of government." The form of government is to be guaranteed, which supposes a form already established, and this is the republican form of government the United States have undertaken to protect. See Story, Const. §1807.
Cyclopaedia of Political Science, Political Economy, and of the Political History of the United States, vol. 3, John Joseph Lalor, 1881
Lalor on Republic.pdf
(47.23 KiB) Downloaded 270 times

Black’s Law Dictionary, 1st Edition, 1891

A commonwealth; a state in which the exercise of the sovereign power is lodged in representatives elected by the people. Webster. In a wider sense, the state, the common
Weal; the whole organized political community, without reference to the form of government.


A government in the republican form; a government of the people; a government by representatives chosen by the people. Cooley, Const. Law, 194.

Black’s Law Dictionary, 2nd Edition, 1910

A commonwealth; a form of government which derives all Its powers directly or Indirectly from the general body of citizens, and in which the executive power is lodged In officers chosen by and representing the people, and holding office for a limited period, or at most during good behavior or at the pleasure of the people, and In which the legislative power may be (and in modern republics is) intrusted to a representative assembly. See Federalist, No. 39; Republic of Mexico v. De Arangolz, 5 Duer (N. Y.) 030; State v. Harris, 2 3ailey (S. C.) 599.

In a wider sense, the state, the common weal, the whole organized political community, without reference to the form of government; as in the maxim interest reipublica ut sit finis litium. Co. Litt 303.


A government in the republican form ; a government of the people ; a government by representatives chosen by the people. See In re Duncan, 139 U. S. 449, 11 Sup. Ct. 578,
35 U Ed. 219 ; Eckerson v. Des Moines, 137 Iowa, 452, 115 N. W. 177 ; Minor v. Happersett,
21 Wall. 175, 22 L. Ed. 627; Kadderly v. Portland, 44 Or. 118, 74 Pac. 710.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 4th Edition, 1968

A commonwealth; that form of government in which the administration of affairs is open to all the citizens. In another sense, it signifies the state, independently of its form of government. 1 Toullier 28 and n., 202, note; State v. Harris, 2 Bailey (S.C.) 599; Co.Litt. 303.


A government in the republican form; a government of the people; a government by representatives chosen by the people. In re Duncan, 11 S.Ct. 573, 139 U.S. 449, 35 L.Ed. 219; Kadderly v. Portland, 44 Or. 118, 74 P. 710.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 5th Edition, 1979

A commonwealth; that form of government in which the administration of affairs is open to all the citizens. In another sense, it signifies the state, independently of its form of government.

Republican government.

A government in the republican form; a government of the people; a government by representatives chosen by the people. In re Duncan, 139 U.S. 449, 1 1 S.Ct. 573, 35 L.Ed. 2 1 9.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 7th Edition, 1999

A system of government in which the people hold sovereign power and elect representatives who exercise that power. It contrasts on the one hand with a pure democracy, in which the people or community as an organized whole wield the sovereign power of government, and on the other with the rule of one person (such as king, emperor, czar, or sultan).

Constitution of the United States, Article 4 Section 4.
“The United States shall guarantee to every State In this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion;”
State of the Union Address, Franklin D. Roosevelt, January 11, 1944
This Republic had its beginning, and grew to its present strength, under the protection of certain inalienable political rights--among them the right of free speech, free press, free worship, trial by jury, freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. They were our rights to life and liberty.
State of the Union Address, Franklin D. Roosevelt, January 4, 1935
Thus, the American people do not stand alone in the world in their desire for change. We seek it through tested liberal traditions, through processes which retain all of the deep essentials of that republican form of representative government first given to a troubled world by the United States.
Texas v. White, 7 Wall. 700
In the sense of the constitutional guarantee of a republican form of government, the term 'state' is used to express the idea of a people or political community, as distinguished from the government;
Our Enemy, the State, Albert Jay Nock, 1935,
"Spencer does not discuss what he calls 'the perennial faith of mankind' in State action, but contents himself with elaborating the sententious observation of Guizot, that 'a belief in the sovereign power of political machinery' is nothing less than 'a gross delusion.' This faith is chiefly an effect of the immense prestige which the State has diligently built up for itself in the century or more since the doctrine of jure divino [divine right] rulership gave way. We need not consider the various instruments that the State employs in building up its prestige; most of them are well known, and their uses well understood. There is one, however, which is in a sense peculiar to the republican State. Republicanism permits the individual to persuade himself that the State is his creation, that State action is his action, that when it expresses itself it expresses him, and when it is glorified he is glorified. The republican State encourages this persuasion with all its power, aware that it is the most efficient instrument for enhancing its own prestige. Lincoln's phrase, 'of the people, by the people, and for the people' was probably the most effective single stroke of propaganda ever made in behalf of republican State prestige."
"The New Republic", George P. Fletcher, June 23rd, 1997 issue
"The 'original republic'--the one for which our 'forefathers' fought 'face to face-hand to hand'- exists only in the minds of academics and fundamentalist patriots. The republic created in 1789 is long gone. It died with the 600,000 Americans killed in the Civil War."
The Unconstitutionality of Slavery, Lysander Spooner, 1860
One other provision of the constitution, viz., the one that, “the United States shall protect each of the States against domestic violence”—has sometimes been claimed as a special pledge of impunity and succor to that kind of “violence,” which consists in one portion of the people’s standing constantly upon the necks of another portion, and robbing them of all civil privileges, and trampling upon all their personal rights. The argument seems to take it for granted, that the only proper way of protecting a “republican” State (for the States are all to be “republican”) against “domestic violence,” is to plant men firmly upon one another’s necks, (about in the proportion of two upon one,) arm the two with whip and spur, and then keep an armed force standing by to cut down those that are ridden, if they dare attempt to throw the riders. When the ridden portion shall, by this process, have been so far subdued as to bear the burdens, lashings and spurrings of the other portion without resistance, then the state will have been secured against “domestic violence,” and the “republican form of government” will be completely successful.
And what is “a republican form of government?” It is where the government is a commonwealth—the property of the public, of the mass of the people, or of the entire people. It is where the government is made up of, and controlled by the combined will and power of the public, or mass of the people—and where, of natural consequence, it will have, for its object, the protection of the rights of all. It is indispensable to a republican form of government, that the public, the mass of the people, if not the entire people, participate in the grant of powers to the government, and in the protection afforded by the government. It is impossible, therefore, that a government, under which any considerable number of the people (if indeed any number of the people, are disfranchised and enslaved, can be a republic. A slave government is an oligarchy; and one too of the most arbitrary and criminal character.
John Adams:
If Aristotle, Livy, and Harrington knew what a republic was, the British constitution is much more like a republic than an empire. They define a republic to be a government of laws, and not of men. If this definition is just, the British constitution is nothing more or less than a republic, in which the king is first magistrate. This office being hereditary, and being possessed of such ample and splendid prerogatives, is no objection to the government's being a republic, as long as it is bound by fixed laws, which the people have a voice in making, and a right to defend.
The truth is that neither then nor at any former time, since I had attained my maturity in Age, Reading and reflection had I imbibed any general Prejudice against Kings, or in favour of them. It appeared to me then as it has done ever since, that there is a State of Society in which a Republican Government is the best, and in America the only one...
Andrew Jackson:
The Bible is the rock on which our Republic rests.
Benjamin Franklin:
Outside Independence Hall when the Constitutional Convention of 1787 ended, Mrs. Powel of Philadelphia asked Benjamin Franklin,
"Well, Doctor, what have we got, a republic or a monarchy?"
With no hesitation whatsoever, Franklin responded, "A republic, if you can keep it."

Westbrook Pegler:

Did I say "republic?" By God, yes, I said "republic!" Long live the glorious republic of the United States of America. Damn democracy. It is a fraudulent term used, often by ignorant persons but no less often by intellectual fakers, to describe an infamous mixture of socialism, graft, confiscation of property and denial of personal rights to individuals whose virtuous principles make them offensive.
Dr. Ron Paul:
When one person can initiate war, by its definition, a republic no longer exists.
Our federal government, which was intended to operate as a very limited constitutional republic, has instead become a virtually socialist leviathan that redistributes trillions of dollars. We can hardly be surprised when countless special interests fight for the money. The only true solution to the campaign money problem is a return to a proper constitutional government that does not control the economy. Big government and big campaign money go hand-in-hand.
Thomas Jefferson:
A government is republican in proportion as every member composing it has his equal voice in the direction of its concerns, not indeed in person, which would be impracticable beyond the limits of a city or small township, but by representatives chosen by himself and responsible to him at short periods.
Where the principle of difference [between political parties] is as substantial and as strongly pronounced as between the republicans and the monocrats of our country, I hold it as honorable to take a firm and decided part and as immoral to pursue a middle line, as between the parties of honest men and rogues, into which every country is divided.

I hold it, that a little rebellion, now and then, is a good thing, and as necessary in the political world as storms in the physical. Unsuccessful rebellions, indeed, generally establish the encroachments on the rights of the people, which produced them. An observation of this truth should render honest republican governors so mild in their punishment of rebellions as not to discourage them too much. It is a medicine necessary for the sound health of government.
Convinced that the republican is the only form of government which is not eternally at open or secret war with the rights of mankind, my prayers & efforts shall be cordially distributed to the support of that we have so happily established. It is indeed an animating thought that, while we are securing the rights of ourselves & our posterity, we are pointing out the way to struggling nations who wish, like us, to emerge from their tyrannies also. Heaven help their struggles, and lead them, as it has done us, triumphantly thro' them.
Parties are... censors of the conduct of each other, and useful watchmen for the public. Men by their constitutions are naturally divided into two parties: 1. Those who fear and distrust the people, and wish to draw all powers from them into the hands of the higher classes. 2. Those who identify themselves with the people, have confidence in them, cherish and consider them as the most honest and safe, although not the most wise, depository of the public interests. In every country these two parties exist, and in every one where they are free to think, speak, and write, they will declare themselves. Call them, therefore, ...Whigs and Tories, Republicans and Federalists, Aristocrats and Democrats, or by whatever name you please, they are the same parties still, and pursue the same object.
The way to have good and safe government is not to trust it all to one, but to divide it among the many, distributing to everyone exactly the functions in which he is competent ...
It is by dividing and subdividing these Republics from the great national one down through all its subordinations until it ends in the administration of everyman's farm by himself, by placing under everyone what his own eye may superintend, that all will be done for the best.
George Washington:
While, then, every part of our country thus feels an immediate and particular interest in Union, all the parts combined cannot fail to find in the united mass of means and efforts greater strength, greater resource, proportionably greater security from external danger, a less frequent interruption of their peace by foreign nations... Hence, likewise, they will avoid the necessity of those overgrown military establishments, which, under any form of government, are inauspicious to liberty, and which are to be regarded as particularly hostile to Republican Liberty. In this sense it is, that your Union ought to be considered as a main prop of your liberty, and that the love of the one ought to endear to you the preservation of the other.
Happiness is more effectually dispensed to mankind under a republican form of government than any other.
The preservation of the sacred fire of liberty, and the destiny of the republican model of government, are justly considered deeply, perhaps as finally, staked on the experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people.
Republicanism is not the phantom of a deluded imagination. On the contrary, laws, under no form of government, are better supported, liberty and property better secured, or happiness more effectually dispensed to mankind.
Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence, (I conjure you to believe me fellow citizens) the jealousy of a free people ought to be constantly awake; since history and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of Republican Government.
James Madison:
A republic, by which I mean a government in which the scheme of representation takes place, opens a different prospect, and promises the cure for which we are seeking. Let us examine the points in which it varies from pure democracy, and we shall comprehend both the nature of the cure and the efficacy which it must derive from the Union.
A government resting on the minority is an aristocracy, not a republic, and could not be safe with a numerical and physical force against it, without a standing army, an enslaved press and a disarmed populace.
In the first place, it is to be remembered, that the general government is not to be charged with the whole power of making and administering laws: its jurisdiction is limited to certain enumerated objects, which concern all the members of the republic, but which are not to be attained by the separate provisions of any.
But I go on this great republican principle, that the people will have virtue and intelligence to select men of virtue and wisdom. Is there no virtue among us? If there be not, we are in a wretched situation. No theoretical checks -- no form of government can render us secure. To suppose that any form of government will secure liberty or happiness without any virtue in the people, is a chimerical idea. If there be sufficient virtue and intelligence in the community, it will be exercised in the selection of these men. So that we do not depend on their virtue, or put confidence in our rulers, but in the people who are to choose them.
As there is a degree of depravity in mankind which requires a certain degree of circumspection and distrust: So there are other qualities in human nature, which justify a certain portion of esteem and confidence. Republican government presupposes the existence of these qualities in a higher degree than any other form. Were the pictures which have been drawn by the political jealousy of some among us, faithful likenesses of the human character, the inference would be that there is not sufficient virtue among men for self-government; and that nothing less than the chains of despotism can restrain them from destroying and devouring one another.
Dr. Benjamin Rush:
The only foundation for... a republic is to be laid in Religion. Without this there can be no virtue, and without virtue there can be no liberty, and liberty is the object and life of all republican governments.
Alexis de Tocqueville:
The American Republic will endure, until politicians realize they can bribe the people with their own money.
Herbert Spencer:
The Republican form of government is the highest form of government; but because of this it requires the highest type of human nature -- a type nowhere at present existing.
Josef Stalin:
World dictatorship can be established only when the victory of socialism has been achieved in certain countries or groups of countries … [and] when these federation of republics have finally grown into a world union of Soviet Socialist Republics uniting the whole of mankind under the hegemony of the international proletariat organized as a state.
Charles-Louis de Secondat:
In republican governments, men are all equal; equal they are also in despotic governments: in the former, because they are everything; in the latter, because they are nothing.
An imbalance between rich and poor is the oldest and most fatal ailment of all republics

Benjamin Franklin

When the people find they can vote themselves money, that will herald the end of the republic.
Alexander Hamilton:
If it be asked, What is the most sacred duty and the greatest source of our security in a Republic? The answer would be, An inviolable respect for the Constitution and Laws.

Daniel Webster:
Hold on, my friends, to the Constitution and to the Republic for which it stands. Miracles do not cluster and what has happened once in 6,000 years, may not happen again. Hold on to the Constitution, for if the American Constitution should fail, there will be anarchy throughout the world.
Justice Joseph Story:
Republics are created by the virtue, public spirit, and intelligence of the citizens. They fall, when the wise are banished from the public councils, because they dare to be honest, and the profligate are rewarded, because they flatter the people, in order to betray them.
Michael Badnarik:
The Democrats and Republicans stand at two extremes, characterized by which parts of our lives they emphasize their desire to control. Libertarians reject both extremes in favor of the government leaving control of your life to you.
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