Comprehending laws and contracts is impossible, unless we first learn the meaning of the words and phrases they contain.

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Post by notmartha » Thu Apr 27, 2017 5:45 am


The word “swindle” (-s, -er, -ing) is not found in the KJV.

The Greek word “harpax,” Strong’s # 727, is translated as swindler in the following versions/verses:

The Holy Bible, English Standard Version, Crossway Bibles, 2001
1 Corinthians 5:10 - 11 - not at all meaning the sexually immoral of this world, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters, since then you would need to go out of the world. But now I am writing to you not to associate with anyone who bears the name of brother if he is guilty of sexual immorality or greed, or is an idolater, reviler, drunkard, or swindler—not even to eat with such a one.
1 Corinthians 6:10 - nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.

Holman Christian Standard Bible, Holman Bible Publishers, 1999
1 Corinthians 5:10 – 11 - I did not mean the immoral people of this world or the greedy and swindlers or idolaters; otherwise you would have to leave the world. But now I am writing you not to associate with anyone who claims to be a believer who is sexually immoral or greedy, an idolater or verbally abusive, a drunkard or a swindler. Do not even eat with such a person.
1 Corinthians 6:10 - no thieves, greedy people, drunkards, verbally abusive people, or swindlers will inherit God’s kingdom.


Webster’s Dictionary of the English Language, 1828
SWIN'DLE, verb transitive
To cheat and defraud grossly, or with deliberate artifice; as, to swindle a man out of his property.

A cheat; a rogue; one who defrauds grossly, or one who makes a practice of defrauding others by imposition or deliberate artifice.
Bouvier’s Law Dictionary, 1856
SWINDLER, criminal law.

1. A cheat; one guilty of defrauding divers persons. 1 Term Rep. 748; 2 H. Blackst. 531; Stark. on Sland. 135.

2. Swindling is usually applied to a transaction, where the guilty party procures the delivery to him, under a pretended contract, of the personal property of another, with the felonious design of appropriating it to his own use. 2 Russel on Crimes, 130; Alison, Prine. Cr. Law of Scotland, 250; Mass. 406.
Black’s Law Dictionary, 1st Edition, 1891
Cheating and defrauding grossly with deliberate artifice. 2 Port. (Ala.) 157.
By the statute, “swindling” is defined to be the acquisition of personal or movable property, money, or instrument of writing conveying or securing a valuable right by means of some false or deceitful pretense or device, or fraudulent representation, with intent to appropriate the same to the use of the party so acquiring, or of destroying or impairing the rights of the party justly entitled to the same. (Pen. Code, art. 790.) 10 Tex. App. 285.

The Century Dictionary, an Encyclopedic Lexicon of the English Language, 1895
swindle century.JPG
swindle century.JPG (84.18 KiB) Viewed 2500 times

Black’s Law Dictionary, 7th Edition, 1999

1. To cheat (a person) out of property <Johnson swindled Norton out of his entire savings>.
2. To cheat a person out of (property) <Johnson swindled Norton’s entire savings out of him>.


A person who willfully defrauds or cheats another.

WEX Legal Dictionary
To cheat a person out of money or property through fraud or deceit.


18 U.S. Code § 1341 - Frauds and swindles
Whoever, having devised or intending to devise any scheme or artifice to defraud, or for obtaining money or property by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations, or promises, or to sell, dispose of, loan, exchange, alter, give away, distribute, supply, or furnish or procure for unlawful use any counterfeit or spurious coin, obligation, security, or other article, or anything represented to be or intimated or held out to be such counterfeit or spurious article, for the purpose of executing such scheme or artifice or attempting so to do, places in any post office or authorized depository for mail matter, any matter or thing whatever to be sent or delivered by the Postal Service, or deposits or causes to be deposited any matter or thing whatever to be sent or delivered by any private or commercial interstate carrier, or takes or receives therefrom, any such matter or thing, or knowingly causes to be delivered by mail or such carrier according to the direction thereon, or at the place at which it is directed to be delivered by the person to whom it is addressed, any such matter or thing, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than 20 years, or both. If the violation occurs in relation to, or involving any benefit authorized, transported, transmitted, transferred, disbursed, or paid in connection with, a presidentially declared major disaster or emergency (as those terms are defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)), or affects a financial institution, such person shall be fined not more than $1,000,000 or imprisoned not more than 30 years, or both.
What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government by P. J. Proudhon
Robbery is committed in a variety of ways, which have been very cleverly distinguished and classified by legislators according to their heinousness or merit, to the end that some robbers may be honored, while others are punished.
We rob,—
1. By murder on the highway;
2. Alone, or in a band;
3. By breaking into buildings, or scaling walls;
4. By abstraction;
5. By fraudulent bankruptcy;
6. By forgery of the handwriting of public officials or private individuals;
7. By manufacture of counterfeit money.
8. By cheating;
9. By swindling;
10. By abuse of trust;
11. By games and lotteries.
12. By usury.
13. By farm-rent, house-rent, and leases of all kinds.
14. By commerce, when the profit of the merchant exceeds his legitimate salary.
15. By making profit on our product, by accepting sinecures, and by exacting exorbitant wages.
The St. Louis, Missouri Gazette, October 23, 1815
"'It is stated as a fact by a gentleman from Kentucky, and we believe correctly, that a bank has been established in the Indiana Territory, and above 100,000 dollars [in banknotes] circulated, although the company which established it had to borrow from a bank in Ohio the small sums necessary to buy books and bank note paper. If this is not swindling upon a large scale we are ignorant of the meaning of that word.'
Thomas Jefferson:
The system of banking [is] a blot left in all our Constitutions, which, if not covered, will end in their destruction... I sincerely believe that banking institutions are more dangerous than standing armies; and that the principle of spending money to be paid by posterity... is but swindling futurity on a large scale.
Louis McFadden:
Some people think the Federal Reserve Banks are US government institutions. They are not... they are private credit monopolies which prey upon the people of the US for the benefit of themselves and their foreign and domestic swindlers, and rich and predatory money lenders. The sack of the United States by the Fed is the greatest crime in history. Every effort has been made by the Fed to conceal its powers, but the truth is the Fed has usurped the government. It controls everything here and it controls all our foreign relations. It makes and breaks governments at will.
Barry Goldwater:
How did it happen? How did our national government grow from a servant with sharply limited powers into a master with virtually unlimited power? In part, we were swindled. There are occasions when we have elevated men and political parties to power that promised to restore limited government and then proceeded, after their election, to expand the activities of government. But let us be honest with ourselves. Broken promises are not the major causes of our trouble. Kept promises are. All too often we have put men in office who have suggested spending a little more on this, a little more on that, who have proposed a new welfare program, who have thought of another variety of 'security.' We have taken the bait, preferring to put off to another day the recapture of freedom and the restoration of our constitutional system. We have gone the way of many a democratic society that has lost its freedom by persuading itself that if 'the people' rule, all is well.
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